Archive for Development

Quickly convert gzip to bzip2

Ever wanted to convert from one compression scheme to another? The long way to do it is to uncompress the original file and delete it, compress the files to the second compression scheme and then delete the intermediate files. This is very time and space inefficient.

The solution

To quickly convert a gzip file to bzip2, use the following command:

You can also use this solution for other types of compression, such as zip. Hope you find this trick useful!

Solving the Even Fibonacci Challenge

The Even Fibonacci Challenge, Problem 2 in the Project Euler Challenge. The modified problem requires adding the even-valued terms in the series which do not exceed a given integer N.

My solution is as follows:

Solving Modified Fibonacci Challenge

The challenge involves solving a modified version of the Fibonacci series, as explained on the project page:

My submission was as follows:

Use BigIntegers, number can grow really quickly!

Reading a file in Python

In this article, I will show how to open, read and close a file in Python.

This code sample is for a function that accepts a filename as a parameter, opens the file given by the filename parameter, reads the file line by line ( fd.readline() ), prints the line and finally closes the file. The loop is broken when nothing is read from the file any longer.

An optimisation to the above code (thanks to Dr Jean-Paul Ebejer [x2]) would be:


A Binary Search Tree in Python

A Binary Search Tree (BST) is a rooted binary tree where items in the left subtree are less than the value of the root and items in the right subtree are greater than the value of the root. A binary tree is a data structure which consists of either a single node called the root or one where each node in in the binary tree has at most 2 children referred to as the left or right child.

A labeled binary tree of size 9 and height 3, with a root node whose value is 2. The above tree is unbalanced and not sorted. By Derrick Coetzee (Own work) [Public domain], via Wikimedia Commons


The code is split into two classes, one representing an individual node in the BST, and the other the tree with its individual operations. Note that this implementation ignored duplicates.

The Node Class


The Tree Class


Testing the code


The result should appear as follows:

Hope you found this tutorial useful!

Reimporting a Module in Python 3

If you are using a module in a Python Console, and make changes to the Module, you can “re-import” the module as follows:

This will reload the module and make the changes available.

Hope that you’ll find this information useful.

The seq and rep functions in R

R has two simple, yet very useful functions to easily create vectors that respect certain conditions. The operator “:” allows you to create vectors within a specified range. Thus:

creates a vector with integers between 1 and 5 (inclusive).  To create a sequence of even integers between 0 and 10, for example, you can use the seq() function as follows:

The by parameter is the count the function uses to determine the next number in the sequence. By default this is 1.

The rep() function is used to create vectors according to a repeated pattern. The following are some examples of the rep function:

Hope that you find this tutorial useful!

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